We have all fed our dogs kibble at one time or another. There isn’t anyone alive today that hasn’t seen a bag of dog food. It is part of our personal biography, our history of sorts.
And with my generation, there isn’t a person alive that hasn’t fed table scraps, dogs were the ‘composting garbage disposals’ of the household. We could literally brag of a ‘no waste’ household.
But then something went a bit off kilter due to extraordinary marketing. And people were taught that there was dog food for dogs and people food for people and they should not be shared, the end.
Kibble is not a natural canine food but rather a processed food, a food made by humans, for dogs, that is not a species appropriate food for dogs, just so we get that out of the way. And kibble is for convenience not optimal health, to also get that out of the way.
There are some veterinarians that defend kibble, crap kibble I might add, like it was a religious belief, and they are willing to intimidate and shame you into feeding it. There are even the ‘prescription diets’ that are pushed, and I would challenge you to find what ingredient on there is a ‘prescription ingredient’. As far as I have seen it is more of a propitiatory blend.
The Merck Manual for veterinarians states in their nutrition section the ‘minimal nutritional guidelines’, not what food creates ‘optimal health’. Big huge difference.
So then you have kibble just for puppies, active dogs, pregnant dogs, senior dogs, sick dogs, dogs with achy joints, obese dogs, lactating mama dogs, skinny dogs, kidney disease dogs, extra tall, extra long back, short muzzled, fluffy dog, and on and on. And at some point you have to stop and think to yourself, wow, how have wolves and coyotes survived on wildlife alone, and what deer constitutes food for their pups, verses the seniors, or fat ones, OR is it the same damn food! One deer for all life stages, one elk to feed the entire familial unit, one fish for mama and pup and granddad.
Oh ya, kibble is all about marketing, lots and lots of marketing.
The countries best marketing agencies have created an aura around kibble, of health, well-being, balanced, wholesome, and magical outcomes. They use marketing terms like Premiere, Optimal, Premium, Natural, Abundant, and Healthy, to draw us in like a moth to a flame. The kibble industry is today worth over $69 billion, so there is power there, financial, political, and marketing power.
So lets take a journey and look at why we have baked food in a bag known as kibble for our dogs, and how on gods green earth did this happen?
AROUND 10 A.D. – During the very first century, Roman poet and philosopher Marcus Terentius Varro wrote the first farming manual. In it he advised giving farm dogs barley bread soaked in milk (raw at the time), and raw meaty bones from dead sheep.
ROYALTY – Royal households as far back as the first century had in-house kennel cooks. They would make huge stews, consisting of grains, vegetables, meat, and offal. Offal consists of the hearts, livers, kidneys, tongue, and lungs of various livestock. And this has continued in Royal households over the centuries including Queen Elizabeth’s. Here love for her Corgi’s is known the world over, starting with Susan, the first Corgi of her own when she was just 18 years of age. To this day her Corgi’s are served a home prepared cooked diet. No kibble in the castle.
COMMON HOUSEHOLDS – Farmers and the like during the first century and later on offered dogs a much less lavish diet, primarily made up of leftovers, or what was about to spoil. This was considered a normal dog diet – crusts of bread, raw bones, potatoes, cabbage, and whatever they could scavenge on their own.
THE MAN THAT STARTED THE KIBBLE CRAZE – And then in the late 1850s, James Spratt from the United States went to London to sell lightning rods. When his ship arrived, crew members threw the leftover ‘ship’s biscuits’ onto the dock, where they were eagerly consumed by the waiting dogs.
It is said that Spratt had the idea that he could make cheap, easy-to-serve biscuits and then sell them to the growing number of urban dog owners. His recipe: a baked mixture of wheat, beet root, and vegetables bound together with beef blood. When Spratt’s Patent Meal Fibrine Dog Cakes came on the market in 1860, in east London, the pet food industry was born.
And it took off like fire across Europe, much to the thanks of a very ambitious Charles Cruft. Cruft was a very driven dog food salesman, and traveled across much of Europe drumming up business for Spratt’s dog food. It put him in contact with large estates, sporting kennels, and the first commercial dog breeders in the U.K. In 1879 while on a sales trip in France, a group of French dog breeders invited Cruft to organize and promote the canine section of the Paris Exhibition. By 1891 Charles Cruft had his own dog show, to promote dogs and of course commercial dog food, welcome the well know CRUFTS DOG SHOW.
THE INDOCTRINATION BEGINS – By 1964 in the United States, the Pet food Industry was spending $50 million a year on advertising, and lobbying for the now-gigantic pet food industry. PFI began a campaign to convince the pet population to stop feeding their dogs anything but packaged dog food. They funded their own in-house ‘reports’ that appeared in magazines, detailing the benefits of processed dog food, and even produced a radio spot about ‘the dangers of table scraps.’ There was no actual science behind their statements, it was a sales pitch of ginormous size. And it worked.
TODAY – The Pet Food Industry states that they are looking at another 4% bump in sales starting in 2018, and that consumer trends in human food like transparency, personalization, health, and wellness are also strong in pet food and will become more important in 2018. So look for those words on packaging, and ad campaigns, because they are coming your way!
And with all of this commercial pet food and marketing, there are also recalls. Recalls do to drugs, euthanizing drugs, hormones, accidental contamination, bad products, or poisons, that should not be in food in the first place. Some years there are about twenty recalls, and other years well into the 100’s.
It is your right to find the best possible food for your dog that is within your budget, and that does not mean that it needs to be kibble. Today we have – kibble, freeze dried, dehydrated, canned, home cooked and raw options to feed our dogs.
Many people are getting back to the basics of just adding ‘live food’ to their dogs kibble meals, better known as healthy table scraps like – whole fat yogurt, left over meat, squash, whole raw eggs, chopped up cooked greens, and raw meaty bones. This is the ‘gateway’ feeding option while pet owners learn more about dog nutrition, and move along to a healthier diet.
Pet owners today are researching and listening. The conversation of our dogs dying younger, with more disease is not lost on those looking for better options. And when you know that 84% of the dogs immune system is in their gut, well real whole living food is money well spent.
When we learn more we can do better – Nancy